What Affects 80% of Individuals Living with Psoriatic Arthritis? Hand Pain, Foot Pain, and Nail Changes
Psoriatic Arthritis Facts and Figures
Affecting men and women almost equally, psoriatic arthritis is often confused with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and sometimes gout. Many symptoms overlap. The age of onset is similar. And the diseases are progressive. However, one of the key distinguishing factors of psoriatic arthritis over its similar counterparts is the presence of psoriasis.
In over 85% of cases of psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis is also present. Does this mean if you have psoriasis you will get psoriatic arthritis? Not necessarily. Thirty percent of individuals living with psoriasis will go on to be diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis. However, if you have a family history of psoriasis, you stand an even greater chance of developing psoriatic arthritis later in life.
85% of Psoriatic Arthritis Patients have Psoriasis
Most cases of psoriatic arthritis present themselves between the ages of 30 and 50. And the trigger for onset is oftentimes a viral infection (e.g., strep throat) or stress. Psoriatic arthritis is an autoimmune disease, where your body attacks its own healthy joints. Most common symptoms of psoriatic arthritis are painful and inflamed joints, that are hot to the touch. Very commonly, psoriatic arthritis is an asymmetric disease, affecting different joints on either side of the body. Some of the most significant joints that psoriatic arthritis affects are in the hands and feet.
Psoriatic Arthritis Hand Symptoms
The hands are often affected by psoriatic arthritis – causing swelling and pain in the fingers and changes in the nail bed. In fact, nail psoriasis is often one of the most telling signs of the onset of psoriatic arthritis. The most common symptoms of psoriatic arthritis affecting the hands are:
- Pain in the finger joints
- Joints that are “hot to the touch”
- Sausage-like appearance in the fingers (dactylitis)
- Nail pitting
- Crumbling nails
- Splitting of the nails
- Blood spots under the nail
- Nails separating from the nail bed
- Discoloration or yellowing of the nails
In 5% of the cases of psoriatic arthritis, individuals may experience a very rare form of the disease called arthritis mutilans. This type of psoriatic arthritis causes severe deformity in the hands, making them almost unusable. More commonly, people living with psoriatic arthritis will first experience hand problems when they notice opening a jar becomes painful, buttoning a shirt becomes difficult, and counting out change becomes a chore.
With 27 joints in the hand, psoriatic arthritis can wreak havoc. What are ways you might seek relief?
Home Remedies of the Hand
If you’re experiencing psoriatic arthritis symptoms, there are a number of treatment options. Most commonly, NSAIDs and DMARDs are prescribed for pain management. Natural remedies are also great supplemental options for managing psoriatic arthritis symptoms.
We use our hands constantly, so it’s vital to manage pain you might be experiencing from psoriatic arthritis. In addition to treatment options prescribed by your doctor, you can self-treat at home as well to provide more relief for your painful joints and to prevent nail injuries that can spark a flare-up of symptoms.
- Rest your hands often – if you’re typing, sewing, writing letters, etc., take breaks and take them often
- Massage stiff joints – you can get a professional massage or rub your own fingers and hands to relieve pain
- Use hot and cold compresses – cold compresses reduce swelling and hot compresses ease pain caused by the swelling
- Wear hand splints – these can help stabilize painful finger joints
- Exercise your joints – engage in exercises that stretch and strengthen your fingers and wrists to loosen stiff joints and increase range of motion
- Keep your nails short/trimmed and moisturized – to prevent snags and other injuries to the nails
- Wear gloves – when doing dishes or gardening to further prevent nail injuries
- Use clear nail polish – dark polishes or any polishes with color can mask nail pitting and related symptoms of psoriatic arthritis
Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms of the Foot
Toe swelling? Plantar fasciitis? Pain in your Achilles tendon? If you are living with psoriatic arthritis and are experiencing any of these symptoms, you are not alone. Psoriatic arthritis symptoms occur often in the feet. We use our feet just as much as our hands, so pain relief from psoriatic arthritis symptoms is important.
How does this disease present itself in the lower extremities of the body?
- Joint inflammation in the toes – causing a “sausage-like” appearance (dactylitis)
- Enthesitis – tendon and ligament inflammation causing pain. Pain in the arch of the foot is Plantar Fasciitis. Pain in the heel is Achilles tendonitis.
- Nail pitting and other nail changes (resembling nail fungus)
- Pain when walking – caused by joint stiffness
- Joints that are hot to the touch
- Foot deformities – often occurring in individuals with arthritis mutilans or those that don’t seek immediate treatment for psoriatic arthritis symptoms
As with symptoms of the hands, psoriatic arthritis symptoms of the feet are often treated with NSAIDs and DMARDs. Natural remedies are also gaining traction with this disease as well. In the following section, we will discuss various remedies you can do at home for self-treatment and prevention.
Psoriatic Arthritis Home Remedies of the Foot
If you are suffering from foot pain associated with psoriatic arthritis, you can practice lifestyle changes that will make your everyday life more comfortable.
- Decrease any activities that are aggravating the pain – including running or any other type of repetitive movements.
- Engage in regular stretching exercises – especially ones that are focused on where the joint pain is occurring (i.e., if you are living with plantar fasciitis, you can engage in exercises that stretch the plantar fascia)
- Orthotics – use shoe inserts to provide more comfort to your feet while you walk, especially ones that give support to the arch of the foot and the heel
- Night splints – wearing splints at night can help stretch the tendons while you sleep to reduce stiffness and pain
- Take frequent breaks – rest often, especially if you’ve been on your feet for a long time and they are starting to ache
- Go to a podiatrist – and seek advice for the type of shoes and inserts you should be wearing
- Buy wide width shoes – this allows for room for your feet when there is swelling
- Buy shoes with ankle support – this stabilizes the ankle, decreases pain, and reduces that chances of rolling the ankle
- Massage the foot – to increase circulation and alleviate pain
- Soak your feet – using Epsom salts
- Use clear or light toenail polish – darker colors mask nail changes
Joint stiffness is very common in psoriatic arthritis. The most common times that joint stiffness affects the feet is in the evening or after being on your feet for a long time. Swelling can occur after walking just short distances, requiring resting your feet or changing the type of shoes you are wearing.
Foot deformities can occur fairly rapidly if treatment is not progressed – even as soon as six months after diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis. Deformities can include clawed toes, inrolling of the ankles, and hyperextension of the big toe.
Hand and Foot Care Tips
Whether it is your hands, your feet, or both, psoriatic arthritis can cause painful symptoms that flare-up and affect your ability to engage in everyday activities and your quality of life. It’s important to seek your doctor’s advice on medications and other treatment options that will help alleviate the pain and inflammation. The tips provided below are useful as a supplement to treatments prescribed by your doctor.
- Cold compresses – can work wonders to alleviate painful joint swelling. You can use an ice pack or a pack of frozen vegetables. If the cold is too much for you, place a towel in between the cold and your skin. Alternating between 10 minutes of cold and 10 minutes off is the generally prescribed activity for optimal benefit.
- Use a foam roller or frozen water bottle – especially to massage the arch of your foot, your heel, or your wrist. The cool of the frozen water bottle is an added benefit to reduce swelling as you roll.
- Maintain your nails – because nail psoriasis occurs in over 80% of cases of psoriatic arthritis, keep your nails healthy. Trim them regularly, file them to decrease snags, and moisturize to reduce dead skin.
- Watch your cuticles – when maintaining your nails, or getting them professionally maintained at a nail salon, don’t push back your nail cuticles or use a cuticle trimmer. Doing so can cause tiny tears in your cuticle. Skin injuries, even as minor as this, can trigger flare-ups of psoriatic arthritis symptoms and may increase your chance of infection (especially if you are taking immune-suppressant drugs to treat the disease).
- Soak your hands and feet (but not for too long) – engaging in a hand or foot soak can alleviate pain and swelling. However, don’t soak for too long as it can dry your skin out, making your psoriasis worse. Always make sure to moisturize your skin after soaking.
- Choose your shoes wisely – in addition to wearing wide-width shoes, open-toed shoes are also recommended for individuals living with psoriatic arthritis. This gives room for your toes should inflammation occur. Avoid shoes with a pointy toe box and high heels, which can push toes forward and cramp them.
- Stay dry – fungus grows in damp conditions. Wear moisture-wicking socks. And keep your shoes dry – look for materials that are breathable. If your shoes are wet, let them air out before putting them back on.